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Chief of state

Article 54 The

Amir shall be the President of the State.

Article 55

The Amir shall assume his powers through his Ministers.

Article 56

The Amir shall appoint the Prime Minister after the traditional consultations and relieve him of his position. Ministers shall also be appointed and relieved of their posts upon the nomination of the Prime Minister.

The appointment of ministers shall be made up of members of the National Assembly and others.

The

number of ministers shall not exceed one third of the members of the National Assembly.

Article 57

The Ministry shall be reconstituted as described in the preceding Article at the commencement of each legislative term of the National Assembly.

Article 58 The

Prime Minister and the Ministers shall be jointly responsible before the Emir for the general policy of the State.

Article 59

The law referred to in Article 4 shall determine the conditions necessary for the exercise of the constitutional powers of the Emir.

Article 60

Prince leads before the exercise of his powers in a special session of the National Assembly the following oath:

I swear by Almighty God to respect the Constitution and the laws of the state, to defend the liberties of the people, interests and money and to safeguard the independence and territorial integrity

Article 61

The Amir shall appoint, in the case of his absence outside the emirate and the inability of the Crown with him A deputy who exercises his powers during his absence by an Emiri order. This may include a special regulation for the exercise of these powers on his behalf or the extent of their scope.

Article 62 The

Deputy Amir shall meet the conditions stipulated in Article 82 of this Constitution. If he is a minister or a member of the National Assembly, he shall not take part in the work of the Ministry or the Council for the duration of his behalf.

Article 63

Before assuming his powers in a special session of the National Assembly, the Deputy Amir shall take the oath stipulated in Article 60 with the words ‘and to be loyal to the Amir’. In case the Council is not convened, the said oath shall be taken before the Emir.

Article 64

The provisions stipulated in Article 131 of this Constitution shall apply to the Deputy Amir.

Article 65 The

Amir shall have the right to propose laws and the right to ratify and promulgate them. The issuance shall be within thirty days from the date of submission to the National Assembly. This period shall be reduced to seven days in case of urgency.

Public holidays are not counted from the issuance period.

The law shall be deemed ratified and shall be issued if the prescribed period of issuance has passed without the President of the State requesting its review.

Article 66

The request for reconsideration of the draft law shall be by reasoned decree. If approved by the National Assembly again with the approval of two-thirds of the members of the Assembly, the Emir shall ratify it and issue it within thirty days of being notified thereof. If this majority is not achieved, then refrain from considering it in the same session. If, in another session, the National Assembly reaffirms that draft by a majority of the members of the Assembly, the Amir shall ratify it and issue it within thirty days of being notified to it.

Article 67 The

Emir shall be the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and shall appoint and dismiss officers in accordance with the law.

Article 68 The

Amir shall declare defensive war by decree;

Article 69

The Emir shall declare martial law in cases of necessity specified by law and in the procedures provided for therein. The decree of martial law shall be declared by decree. This decree shall be submitted to the National Assembly within fifteen days following its decision to decide the fate of martial law. The continuation of martial law shall be required by a decision of the Council by a majority of the members comprising it.

In all cases, the matter shall be submitted to the National Assembly on the preceding conditions, every three months.

Article 70 The

Amir shall conclude treaties by decree and shall immediately inform the Council of Nation with the appropriate statement.

However, peace and alliance treaties, treaties relating to the territory or natural wealth of the State, sovereign rights, public and private rights of citizens, trade, navigation and residence treaties, and treaties which carry the treasury of the State with some of the expenses not included in the budget or include an amendment to the laws of Kuwait shall be enacted by law.

In no case may a treaty contain secret clauses that contradict its public clauses.

Article 71

If the Council of the Nation takes place between the sessions of the National Assembly or in its dissolution period, it shall be expedited to take measures that cannot be delayed. The Emir may issue decrees having the force of law that do not contravene the Constitution or the financial estimates contained in the Budget Law.

Such decrees shall be submitted to the Council of Nation within fifteen days from the date of their issuance, if the Council is in place and at its first meeting in the event of dissolution or termination of the legislative term. However, if it is presented and not approved by the Council retroactively, it shall have the force of law only if the Council considers the adoption of its entry into force in the preceding period or the settlement of its consequences otherwise.

Article 72

The Emir shall, by decree, lay down the necessary regulations for the implementation of the laws, which do not include amendments to, disruption or exemption from implementation. The law may designate an instrument lower than the decree to issue the necessary regulations for its implementation.

Article 73

The Emir shall, by decrees, establish the regulations and regulations necessary to arrange public interests and administrations in a manner that does not conflict with the laws.

Article 74

The Emir shall appoint and dismiss civil and military personnel and political representatives to foreign countries in accordance with the law.

Article 75 The

Amir may, by decree, pardon or commute the penalty.

Article 76

The Amir shall be awarded medals of honor in accordance with the law.

Article 77

Currency shall be minted in the name of the Amir in accordance with the law.

Article 78

Upon assuming office, his annual allowances shall be determined by law for the duration of his rule.

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